Cory Booker bill to eliminate drug convictions as bar to student financial aid

Posted on August 22nd, 2018 by Global Ganja Report and tagged , , , , .

leafTens of thousands of students across the United States have lost access to federal financial aid for their studies because they admit on the application form to having a drug conviction—including, of course, for cannabis. But a new bill introduced in the Senate could finally correct what student advocates have called an injustice that disproportionately denies education to the very communities most in need of financial aid..

With the new school year coming around, Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ) has introduced legislation that would "streamline" the student financial aid application process. Among its provisions is elimination of drug convictions as a bar to federal financial aid.  

At question is the document formally known as the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), which includes the following text: "Have you been convicted for the possession or sale of illegal drugs for an offense that occurred while you were receiving federal student aid (such as grants, work-study, or loans)?"

According to Booker's press release, the Simplifying Financial Aid for Students Act of 2018 "would simplify the FAFSA form, making it more accessible and easier to complete for low-income students by greatly reducing the number of questions a student would need to answer if she or he is a recipient of a means-tested program..." A means-tested program is any government program intended to assist those whose incomes fall below a designated level.

The aim of the bill, which applies to both graduate and undergraduate students, is "to help more underserved students have access to financial aid and attend college." It is being co-sponsored with senators Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Doug Jones (D-AL), Kamala Harris (D-CA), and Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV).

Statements by the sponsors only alluded to their proposed elimination of the drug-conviction provision—although it is arguably the bill's most important measure.

"We know that when a student completes the federal financial aid form, he or she is more likely to receive aid, attend college, and graduate from college," Booker said. "But sadly, less than half of today’s high school students complete the form, and students from underserved backgrounds complete the form at even lower rates than their peers. We must make the process of obtaining aid for higher education easier. Our bill would simplify the complicated process in order to reduce barriers to higher learning for students from marginalized populations."

"When students are discouraged from even applying for federal financial aid because of the complexity of the process, our nation fails the bright, young individuals who are simply seeking to further their education in pursuit of their goals," Blumenthal added. "As we continue to fight the student debt crisis, simplifying the process to apply for federal assistance is a critical first step towards getting financial aid into the hands of those who need it most."

"We must remove the barriers of bureaucracy that prevent students and their families from accessing an affordable education," said Harris. 

A question of 'racial equity' 
The Simplifying Financial Aid for Students Act of 2018 contains several provisions to remove obstacles to student aid. It would automatically deem a student eligible for a "zero expected family contribution" determination if the student or his of her parents are recipients of means-tested programs. It would modify the "needs analysis formula" by relying on income-tax filing characteristics, coordinating the Department of Education, Internal Revenue Service and other agencies to determine eligibility for the "zero expected family contribution" category. It would make DREAMers (undocumented immigrant youth who were raised in the United States) eligible for student aid. It would make FAFSA accessible for completion on a mobile device.

And finally, it would aim to make FAFSA accessible to more students "by eliminating the Selective Service registration and prior drug convictions from student eligibility criteria for federal student financial aid."

According to a March report by Inside Higher Ed, federal Education Department statistics indicate that about 1,000 students each year lose full or partial access to federal student aid (called "Title IV aid" in reference to the relevant section of the 1965 Higher Education Act) because of a drug-related conviction. Student advocacy organizations, however, argue those numbers don't reflect how many students don't even apply for aid because they assume they won't qualify due to this provision. "Our research has shown there’s a drastic deterrent and discouraging factor by the question even being on the FAFSA," said Julie Ajinkya, vice president for applied research at the Institute for Higher Education Policy.

The FAFSA's Question No. 23, asking applicants about drug convictions, was added in 1998, when lawmakers moved to deny federal aid to students with drug-related convictions. The restriction applies whether an applicant was convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, whether the offense involved sale or just possession, and whether the conviction was under state or federal law. This provision bars or limits applicants from receiving Pell Grants, Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants or Federal Work-Study, as well as federal student loans.

In the ensuing years, tens of thousands of students lost access to federal grants and loans annually. A 2005 Government Accountability Office report found that in the 2003-04 academic year, more than 41,000 FAFSA applicants were ineligible for aid due to this provision. 

The provision was reformed in 2006, with the law changed to only deny Title IV funds to applicants convicted of a drug offense while actually receiving student aid. But Education Department figures indicate that thousands of students have continued to lose out on aid in the years since then. During the 2016-17 student aid cycle, 1,032 FAFSA applicants were deemed fully ineligible due to a drug-related conviction—or because they simply failed to answer the question. Another 254 received a partial eligibility suspension.

Speaking to Inside Higher Ed, Ajinkya emphasized that drug convictions disproportionately impact students of color—despite research indicating they use illegal drugs at rates comparable to their white peers. She said the denial of federal aid poses a "racial equity issue."

Booker's bill now provides an opportunity to correct this injustice. However, getting it through a Republican-controlled Congress will certainly be a challenge.

Cross-post to Cannabis Now 





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